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Disclaimer: This is not an inclusive list of all disabilities. If you have any concerns about your child’s health please contact your primary health care provider.

Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy refers to a group of neurological disorders that appear in infancy or early childhood and permanently affect body movement and muscle coordination. Cerebral palsy (CP) is caused by damage to or abnormalities inside the developing brain that disrupt the brain’s ability to control movement and maintain posture and balance

www.wccpa.org.za

Down Syndrome

Down syndrome is a condition in which a person has an extra chromosome. Down syndrome is also referred to as Trisomy 21. This extra copy changes how the individual’s body and brain develop, which can cause both mental and physical challenges.

www.dsawc.co.za

Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a disability that can cause social, communication and behavioral challenges. People with ASD may communicate, interact, behave, and learn in ways that are different from most other people. The learning, thinking, and problem-solving abilities of people with ASD can range from gifted to severely challenged. Some people with ASD need a lot of help in their daily lives; others need less.

www.autismwesterncape.org.za

Spina Bifida

Spina bifida is a condition that affects the spine and is usually apparent at birth. It is a type of neural tube defect (NTD).

Spina bifida might cause physical and intellectual disabilities that range from mild to severe.

www.asbah-sa.org.za

Epilepsy

Epilepsy is recurrent seizures (or convulsions, or fits). The term epilepsy covers a variety of seizure types which differ in cause, nature, severity, management and long-term outcome. Epilepsy can be diagnosed along with other disabilities.

www.epilepsy.org.za

Contacts

Disabled Children Action Group info@dicag.co.za

Western Cape Forum for Intellectual Disability https://wcfid.co.za

Department of Social Development (DSD) www.westerncape.gov.za/dept/social-development/documents

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